- Breast milk from vegan mothers contains adequate levels of critical nutrients such as vitamin B2 and carnitine, which are vital for infants’ health and development, as per a study conducted by scientists at the Amsterdam University Medical Center.
- The nutritional content of breast milk is dictated by the mother’s diet, and despite vegan diets being plant-based and excluding animal products, vegan mothers’ breast milk does not lack in vitamin B2 and carnitine.
- Vitamin B2 plays a crucial role in many enzyme functions and carnitine is essential for energy metabolism. Deficiencies in these nutrients could affect the heart, brain, and general health of infants.
- Despite vegan diets usually resulting in lower intakes of carnitine, the study found no significant difference in the concentration of carnitine in the breast milk of vegan and non-vegan mothers.
- The research findings, suggesting that a vegan diet does not negatively impact nutrient concentrations in human milk, were presented at the annual meeting of the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition but are viewed as preliminary until published in a reputable journal.
Mothers who choose to follow a vegan diet often worry about whether their breast milk provides the necessary nutrients for their children’s growth and development. A recent study aims to ease such concerns, asserting that vegan breast milk is not lacking in essential compounds like vitamin B2 and carnitine.
The findings emerged from an in-depth investigation conducted by scientists hailing from the Amsterdam University Medical Center, Netherlands. Vegan mother’s breast milk was subjected to thorough examination and was found to contain adequate quantities of vitamin B2 and carnitine.
Influences of Maternal Diet on Breast Milk Nutritional Profile
“The nutritional content of human milk, which plays a critical role in the healthy development of an infant, is primarily dictated by the maternal diet,” states the primary investigator of the study. Consequently, the surge in the popularity of vegan diets has sparked concerns regarding the nutritional competence of the breast milk of vegan mothers. It’s therefore crucial to ascertain if nutrient levels in lactating women following a vegan diet differ from others.
Vegan Diet Explained
Vegan diets solely comprise plant-based foods. They include fruits, vegetables, soy, legumes, nuts and nut butters, but exclude all animal-derived products.
Interestingly, vegan mothers’ breast milk was found to have sufficient vitamin B2 and carnitine, even though these compounds are traditionally highest in animal-derived foods. This finding challenges the notion that infants breastfed by vegan mothers might lack these nutrients.
Role of Vitamin B2 and Carnitine
Vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin, plays a vital role in various biological pathways, particularly as a critical component for many enzyme functions. Infants could potentially experience anemia and neurological issues if they face a deficiency in this nutrient. Similarly, carnitine contributes to energy metabolism, with potential implications on heart and brain function should there be a shortage.
While individuals following vegan diets usually have lower intakes and plasma concentrations of carnitine compared to their omnivorous counterparts, the study found no significant difference in human milk carnitine concentrations in vegan mothers.
“Our results suggest that a vegan diet in lactating mothers does not impact the concentrations of vitamin B2 and carnitine in human milk. Therefore, it’s unlikely that infants breastfed by vegan mothers would develop vitamin B2 or carnitine deficiencies”, asserts the leading researcher. This information could prove beneficial not only for breastfeeding mothers but also for donor human milk banks, catering to premature infants who aren’t receiving sufficient mother’s own milk.
The research findings were unveiled at the annual meeting of the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition in Vienna. It is common for findings presented at medical meetings to be regarded as preliminary until they have undergone peer-review and publication in a reputable journal.
For more information about the nutrients typically present in breast milk, you can refer to the comprehensive guide provided by the American Pregnancy Association.
Source: Amsterdam University Medical Center, May 17, 2023 press release