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What exactly is Depression?

What exactly is Depression?


If you are suffering from depression or social anxiety you may have some of the same symptoms. These symptoms include excessive worry about everyday issues and having a negative self-image. This can lead to problems in relationship building, work performance, physical health, and suicidal thoughts or behavior. There is no specific reason for these symptoms, but they are often present in people who suffer from depression or social anxiety. Some of these symptoms overlap with other mental health disorders and it can be difficult to accurately determine if your symptoms are due to one or a combination of these conditions.

The new research examined depression and social anxiety among 234 people with either social anxiety or depression and 36 typical non-anxiety controls. In addition to having more social anxiety, people with social anxiety also showed significantly greater depression, greater anger, poorer anger expression skills, and lower self-esteem than did non-anxiety control subjects. The results of the study show that these conditions are strongly linked to each other and that depression was found in a stronger association with social anxiety than with any other psychiatric disorder or mood disorders combined. The results suggest that the two conditions are closely associated and that the symptoms of depression were somehow related to the persons' social anxiety. In other words, people who suffer from depression tend to avoid stressful situations and seek avoidance as their method for dealing with everyday life.

One study of depressed people which overlaps with the current one shows that depressed people tend to have higher levels of stress hormones in their bodies. Another study found that these elevated levels of cortisol were related to lower emotional reactivity. Together, these studies suggest that the symptoms of social anxiety are closely linked to depressed emotional states and that depression worsens these emotional states. One possible explanation for this finding is that the depressed person's stress levels increase, which then leads to higher levels of cortisol in the body.

According to the research presented at the American Society of Clinical Psychology, online researcher Dr. Jordan A. Deutschman did a study using Google scholar and a national sample of 2,500 people with varying degrees of anxiety disorders. Dr. Deutschman measured the frequency and severity of depression during a 6-month period. He found that the people who were depressed had significantly lower interpersonal sensitivity than did those who were not depressed. This means that they were more socially conservative and less willing to take risks than others in the study. This was a particularly important finding because risk taking has been shown to be associated with depression. The low interpersonal sensitivity is therefore likely related to depression.

Finally, according to the studies presented at the 2020 APA Annual Meeting on Clinical Psychology, Dr. Paul F. Siegel, Ph.D., found that people who are perfectionists and those who have high social anxiety are also more depressed than those who are not perfectionists or who have high social anxiety. Dr. Siegel concluded, "The results suggest that both perfectionism and social anxiety may play an important role in the development of depression." These studies provide strong biological connections between psychological symptoms and depression. However, one must bear in mind that all of the above results are from Google scholar's research; the actual biological studies that directly link psychological symptoms to depression are few and far between. In addition, many of the psychological symptoms we tend to associate with depression, such as irritability and perfectionism, are also common characteristics of other conditions, including post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, phobias, or mood disorders.

There is no doubt that perfectionism and its related conditions, such as social anxiety and public neuroticism, can lead to depressive disorders. However, one must also bear in mind that depression is a complex condition and that the symptoms presented by Google scholar user neuro-linguistic programming are not necessarily indicative of a clinical diagnosis of depression. Therefore, anyone experiencing these symptoms, especially if they are consistent and overextending, should consult their physician to rule out any serious medical conditions. Google scholar users are advised to take the information on their profiles at face value, and to use them only as a guide or reference. Google has issued warnings against the use of neuro-linguistic programming for self-esteem purposes and has requested that users flag any sites that instruct or advise "psychologists" to use the profiles as a platform for self-gain.