- High consumption of red meat may increase the risk of kidney failure, according to a study from Singapore.
- Replacing red meat with alternative protein sources could potentially lower the risk of kidney problems. Plant-based sources, poultry, or fish could serve as these alternatives.
- The connection between red meat consumption and kidney disease remains unsettled, but moderate consumption of red meat may not harm individuals without other health concerns.
- Red meat has been linked to various health issues including potential increased risk of cancer and kidney disease.
- Substituting one serving of red meat with another protein source could reduce the risk of kidney failure by up to 62%, but the applicability of these findings to different populations may vary due to factors such as diet, ethnic backgrounds, genetics, and meat production techniques.
High levels of red meat in our diets may be harmful to our kidneys, suggests new research. This expansive study, originating in Singapore, indicates that an increase in the risk of kidney failure could be linked to the consumption of red meat. However, replacing just one daily portion of red meat with another protein source could potentially mitigate this risk.
High Red Meat Intake Associated with Increased Kidney Disease Risk
In this particular instance, pork – being a prevalent form of red meat – demonstrated a solid connection with an elevated risk of end-stage renal disease, which signifies the cessation of normal kidney functioning. This association was also directly ‘dose-dependent’, implying that the higher the quantity consumed, the higher the risk.
Despite adjusting for confounding elements like health conditions and lifestyle variables, this connection remained undisputed.
Plant-Based Sources as an Alternative Protein Intake
“Those who are bothered about their kidney health, or patients with chronic kidney disease can maintain their protein intake but should consider switching to plant-based sources.” said Professor Woon-Puay Koh, a member of the study’s authors team at the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore. He also suggested that if opting for meat, alternatives to red meat could be poultry or fish/shellfish.
This research provides new insights into an ongoing debate regarding the correlation between red meat, especially, and kidney disease. The question remains unsettled and the new study does not tip the balance in favor of either side.
The suggestion is that moderate consumption of red meat might not harm individuals devoid of other health concerns. A multitude of studies hint at potential benefits of low-protein diets, particularly for those with pre-existing kidney damage. However, definitive evidence linking high protein consumption to kidney damage in the general population is still lacking.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that approximately 20 million Americans suffer from chronic kidney disease.
The Issue with Red Meat
Red meat has previously been pointed out in various reports and studies as being potentially harmful to human health. Among such reports is a warning from the World Health Organization issued last year about a possible link between cancer and red meat. Additionally, a research paper from November 2015 suggested that meat cooked at temperatures could possibly elevate the risk of kidney cancer.
The Study Design
For the purposes of the study, over 63,000 Chinese adults in Singapore were observed for around 15.5 years. Food questionnaires were utilized to collect data on their daily protein consumption, while renal disease was tracked via a national registry.
Protein sources ranged from pork (which made up 97% of red meat intake), poultry, fish/shellfish, eggs and dairy products to soy and legumes. Even after being cooked when it appears white, pork is still categorized as red meat.
Higher consumption of red meat carried a 40% increased risk of developing end-stage kidney disease than its lower counterpart. In contrast, no such association was noted with poultry, fish, eggs, or dairy products, while consuming soy and legumes appeared mildly protective.
Reducing Risk with Protein Substitutes
The study also revealed that substituting a single serving of red meat with another protein could lower the risk of kidney failure. Poultry substitutions, in particular, were shown to reduce risks by up to 62%.
However, Betsy Booren, the vice president of scientific affairs at the North American Meat Institute, warns that the study does not definitively establish cause and effect. She also highlights several differences: diet, meat production techniques, ethnic backgrounds, and genetics, between Chinese and American, which suggests the results should be scrutinized cautiously. “It is inappropriate and premature to attempt to apply these findings to the North American population as the cause of a medical condition,” she said.
The study was published in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology and received support from the U.S. National Institutes of Health.
For more on kidney disease prevention, visit the U.S. National Kidney Foundation website.