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Your personal running shoe advisor

The Athletarian
The Athletarian

Many sports can be practiced regardless of the season and age. However, each of them makes different demands on you, which can be met by properly selected shoes. Discover the basic types of sports footwear and find out what to look for when buying.

For every type of foot

To keep it short there are 3 types of feet. Many people have what is known as a low arch foot. This is particularly true of untrained and overweight people, but it can have numerous causes. Some people have a high arch foot and almost a minority now have a neutral arch foot. Appropriate support shoes are offered for all 3 types. However, we advise caution, to use an appropriate stable shoe or even motion control shoe or insoles. It is not uncommon for training to move an untrained foot into a completely different state in a relatively short time (a few months) and to make special support superfluous. It is therefore important to clarify the exact cause and to counteract it.

Things to consider: The 3 types of feet

Regardless of whether you run a marathon or prefer to run across the terrain - it is important that you wear the right category of foot wear. This category is of course very individual and depends on your personal running style.

High arch

The foot hits the outer edge of the heel and then tips in too much. This puts too much pressure on the inside of the foot. It describes the inward buckling of the feet. This places excessive strain on the foot and ankle, which can lead to long-term injuries. Just take a look under your current running or casual shoes. If the soles are more worn on the inside than in the rest of the area, this is a sign of high arch.

Low arch

The foot lands on the outer edge of the heel and then does not tip inward or barely tip over. This puts a lot of pressure on the outside of the foot. This form is much less common than the first one. Overall, the foot does not buckle enough. The result is that the runner rolls heavily over the outside of the foot. Here, too, you can take a look under your running or casual foot wear. A worn sole profile on the outer edges is an indicator of this type.

Neutral Arch

The foot hits the outer edge of the heel and then leans inward to cushion the shock and evenly distribute the impact forces. The exact middle point between the previous two types is neutral pronation. With this shape, the foot rolls optimally and evenly. Neither the outer nor the inner edges are excessively stressed. It is practically the best case for the runner.

What types are there?

Different types foot wear has also been designed for different types of running. For most runners, a standard running type is the best choice. A good quality everyday foot wear can handle most people's running training and is also the most durable option. It is important to consider that they should last about 300 to 600 miles.


A standard type is particularly suitable for runners with normal body weight. This type has very good cushioning and can be worn on different surfaces such as asphalt, forest paths and tartan tracks. If you wear orthopedic insoles and want to use them, then this type is just the thing for you.


As the name suggests, these ones are much more stable than the previous type and have pronation support in the midfoot area. So, if you belong to the group of runners with high or low arch feet, you should think about going for the stability type. They will protect you from excessive buckling and encourage natural rolling. The stability type is suitable for almost any surface and is perfect for runners with a stronger stature.


Do you walk a lot on uneven paths, over hill and dale, over muddy paths and over tree roots? Then the trail type is the right choice. They are very stable, have a grippy profile and are made of a water-repellent upper material. Visually, they differ from the previous types in that they have a distinctive, robust appearance.


The performance type is extremely light and made for fast runs. They are designed entirely for speed. They are very light and have less cushioning material than other types. They wear out relatively quickly, usually after 100 to 300 miles. They offer almost no cushioning and are extremely flexible. Runners of normal weight should go for this type. Strong foot muscles are also recommended, as they are like a second skin and every step on the ground can be clearly felt.