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A Guide to Estrogen Levels and Menopause


Estrogen levels fluctuate during the menstrual cycle of women. However, some experts argue that these fluctuations may be caused by endocrine system disorder rather than being affected by estrogen itself. Estrogen and progesterone are two very important hormones that regulate many processes in the body including fertility, metabolism, blood pressure, and brain development. Some people have found that when estrogen levels drop, these hormones can increase the risk of developing certain cancers, such as breast cancer. Some diseases that are thought to be influenced by estrogen include Alzheimer's disease, colon cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, menopause, and diabetes.

If you feel that your hormone levels are abnormal or if you have other symptoms that might indicate that there is an imbalance occurring, it is wise to speak with a health care professional. Women should never self-diagnose and seeing a doctor will help determine whether there is an underlying medical cause, or whether you are experiencing symptoms that are caused by another condition. Women should first visit their doctor to get regular physicals and screenings to monitor their weight, cholesterol, blood pressure, and heart rate. While speaking with a health care professional about symptoms that you might have, ask them for advice on what to do if you have abnormal thyroid levels, abnormally low blood sugar, or if you experience vaginal bleeding.

If you decide that you need to speak with a doctor about your estrogen levels, you may wish to discuss using birth control. Many types of birth control pills have estrogen levels that can help to balance out what is happening in your body. However, if you are experiencing symptoms such as headaches, fatigue, hot flashes, depression, or anxiety, you should tell your doctor before starting any type of birth control medication.